305. A person who frequently doubts in the actions and conditions of wuÃÙ should not pay heed to his doubts if they extend to the point of becoming satanic insinuations.
306. If a person doubts whether his wuÃÙ has been invalidated or not, he should treat it as valid. However, if he does not perform istibrÁ‘ after urinating, performs wuÃÙ, and then a fluid is released from the anterior orifice, for which he does not know whether it is urine or another fluid, his wuÃÙ will be void.
307. A person doubts whether he has performed wuÃÙ or not, should perform wuÃÙ.
308. If a person knows that he has performed wuÃÙ, and that he has also committed an act which invalidates wuÃÙ, like urinating, but does not know which of the two preceded the other, given the different circumstances, he should act in the following manner:
a. If he realizes this before offering his prayers, he should perform wuÃÙ again.
b. If he realizes this while praying, he should discontinue his prayers and perform wuÃÙ.
c. If he realizes it after completing his prayers, the prayers that he has already offered will be valid, provided he is not certain that he was oblivious to it at the start of his prayers. He should however perform wuÃÙ for all subsequent prayers.
309. If a person attains certainty during or after performing wuÃÙ, that he has not washed or wiped some parts, he will have to start all over again if the parts that precede that part have become dry due to a prolonged passage of time. If the parts have not become dry, or have become dry due to hot weather or similar reasons, he should wash or wipe the parts of wuÃÙ starting from the place that was not washed or wiped properly, and all the parts following it. Similarly, if a person doubts while performing wuÃÙ if an area was washed or wiped properly, he too should act according these instructions.
310. If a person doubts after offering prayers whether he had performed wuÃÙ or not, his prayers will be valid provided he is not certain that he was oblivious to it at the start of his prayers. He should however perform wuÃÙ for subsequent prayers.
311. If a person doubts while praying if he had performed wuÃÙ or not, his prayers are void. He has to perform wuÃÙ and offer his prayers again.
312. If a person comes to know that his wuÃÙ was invalidated, but doubts whether it was invalidated before or after prayers, the prayers that he has already offered are valid.
313. If a person who is afflicted with urinary or fecal incontinence is certain that there will be a period of respite from the leakage or the excretion within the allocated time for prayers, which is just sufficient for performing wuÃÙ and offering prayers, he should perform wuÃÙ and pray in that interval of respite. If the interval of respite that he is afforded is only sufficient for performing the obligatory components of wuÃÙ and prayers, he should perform the obligatory components and leave out the recommended ones.
314. If a person is not afforded an interval of respite that is sufficient for wuÃÙ and prayer, and urine or feces is involuntarily leaked or excreted from him once or a few times during the prayer, the prayer will suffice even if it is offered with one wuÃÙ. The recommended precaution is that he should perform wuÃÙ each time urine or feces is excreted from him, in a period of time which does not nullify the condition of succession (muwÁlÁt) in prayer. Having done wuÃÙ, he should continue with the rest of his prayer.
315. If a person is afflicted with continued urinal or fecal incontinence, his wuÃÙ will suffice for several prayers, unless he commits another act which invalidates his wuÃÙ. It is better that he should perform a separate wuÃÙ for each prayer. It is not necessary to perform an additional wuÃÙ for performing a forgotten sajdah or a forgotten tashahhud, or for offering salÁt al-iÎtiyÁÔ.
316. A person who is afflicted with continued urinal or fecal incontinence does not have to offer prayers immediately after performing wuÃÙ, although the recommended precaution is that he should do so.
317. Based on recommended precaution, a person who suffers from continued urinal or fecal incontinence should refrain from touching all the things which are forbidden to touch for a person who is not in the state of wuÃÙ.
318. A person who is suffering from urinal incontinence should protect himself by using a pouch which is filled with cotton or any other absorbent material which will prevent the urine from spreading to other areas. The obligatory precaution is that he should wash the orifice prior to every prayer, unless it entails hardship.
In the event that he offers the Ûuhr and the ÞaÒr prayers together, or the maghrib and the ‘ishÁ’ prayers together, he does not have to wash the orifice between the two prayers.
Similarly, one who suffers from fecal incontinence, if possible, should prevent the fecal matter from spreading to other areas for a period that is required to offer prayers. The obligatory precaution is that he should wash the orifice prior to every prayer, unless it entails hardship.
319. A person who suffers from urinal or fecal incontinence, if possible, should control the leakage of urine or excretion of feces for a period that is required to offer prayer, if it does not entail hardship. In fact, if his incontinence is easily treatable, he should get it treated.
320. After overcoming urinal or fecal incontinence, a person who used to suffer from them does not have to offer the qaÃÁ of the prayers which were performed according to his responsibility during the period of incontinence. However, if his incontinence is cured during the allocated time of prayers, he should repeat the prayers offered during that time.
321. A person who cannot control passing wind from the anal orifice should act according to the rules which are applicable to people who are suffering from incontinence.