2665. If a wild animal whose meat is lawful to consume is hunted with a weapon, its meat is lawful to consume and its body is §¡hir given the following five conditions:
1. The hunting weapon should be incisive like a sword or a knife, or sharp like an arrow or a spear. If an animal is hunted using a trap, a piece of wood or a stone, its carcass is not §¡hir and its meat in unlawful to consume. If an animal is hunted with a gun, then if the bullet is sharp such that it penetrates the animal’s body and creates a tear, it will be §¡hir and lawful for consumption. However, if the bullet is not sharp, and it penetrates the animal’s body with pressure, and kills it, or burns the body of the animal on account of its heat, and the animal dies on account of the burning, then to claim that it is §¡hir and ¦al¡l is problematic.
2. The individual hunting the animal should be a Muslim, or the child of a Muslim who is capable of discerning good from evil. Hence, if a k¡fir, a n¡¥ibi, a kh¡riji or a gh¡li who is considered a k¡fir, like the one’s who prescribe to the divinity of Imam ‘Ali(a‘), hunts an animal, then the hunted animal will not be lawful to consume.
3. The weapon should be used or fired with the intention of hunting an animal. Therefore, if for example a person aims at a particular place, and incidentally kills an animal, the carcass of that animal will not be §¡hir, nor will its meat be permissible to consume.
4. Whilst using the weapon, the individual should invoke the name of God. If he intentionally fails to invoke the name of God, the prey does not become lawful for consumption. However, if he forgets to do so, there is no harm in it.
5. He reaches the animal after it has died, or if it is alive, there is insufficient time to slaughter it. However, if there is sufficient time to slaughter it, and he fails to do so, the animal will be unlawful for consumption.
2666. If two people hunt one animal, and one intends to hunt it and the other does not, or if one is a Muslim and the other is not, or one of them invokes the name of God and the other intentionally fails to do so, the animal will not be lawful for consumption.
2667. If the animal falls into a body of water after it is hit by—for example—a bullet, and the person knows that the animal died on account of being hit by the bullet and falling into the water, the animal is not lawful for consumption. In fact, if he does not know whether the animal died solely on account of the bullet or otherwise, it is not lawful for consumption.
2668. If a person hunts an animal with a dog or a weapon that is usurped, the hunted animal will be lawful to consume, and it will belong to him. However, in addition to the fact that he has committed a sin, he also has to pay the wages for using the weapon or the dog to its owner.
2669. If a person chops an animal into two parts using a sword or any other permissible hunting weapon, with the conditions that were elaborated in article 2665, and its head and neck remain in one of the parts, and he reaches the animal after it has died, then both the parts will be lawful for consumption. The same will apply if the animal is alive, but there is insufficient time to slaughter it.
However, if there is sufficient time to slaughter it, and it is possible that it may live for some time, then the part which does not contain the head and the neck is unlawful for consumption. As for the part which contains the head and the neck, if it is slaughtered in the manner prescribed by the shari’a, it will be lawful, and if not it will be unlawful for consumption.
2670. If an animal is chopped into two parts using a piece of wood, a stone or any other tool that is not authorized for hunting by the shari’a, the part which does not contain the head and the neck is not lawful for consumption. As for the part which contains the head and the neck, if it is alive and it is possible that it may live for a period of time, then if it is slaughtered in a manner prescribed by the shari’a, it is lawful for consumption, and if not, then even that part is unlawful
2671. If an animal is hunted or slaughtered, and a live offspring is taken out of its womb, then if the offspring is slaughtered according to the shari’a, it is lawful to consume, and if not, it is unlawful.
2672. If an animal is hunted or slaughtered, and a dead offspring is removed from its womb, then if the baby animal is fully developed, and hair or wool has grown on its body, and it has died on account of the hunting or the slaughtering of its mother, and its removal from the womb of its mother has not been delayed more than what is common, it will be §¡hir and lawful for consumption.