2673. If a hunting dog hunts a wild animal that is lawful to consume, then there are six conditions for that animal to be §¡hir and lawful for consumption. These are:
1. The dog should be trained in a manner that whenever it is sent to hunt, it should go, and whenever it is restrained, it should stop. In addition, based on obligatory precaution, it should have a habit of not eating the prey until its owner reaches it. However, if it has the habit of consuming the blood of the prey, or rarely eats from the prey, there is no problem in it.
2. It should be directed (to hunt the animal). Hence, if the dog hunts the animal of his own accord, and preys on it, it is forbidden to consume that animal. In fact, if it goes hunting of its own accord, and then its owner hollers at it so that it hastens towards the prey, based on obligatory precaution one should refrain from eating the prey even if the dog hastens to the animal on account of its master’s voice.
3. The person who sends the dog should be a Muslim, or the child of a Muslim who is able to discern between good and evil. Hence, if a k¡fir, a n¡¥ibi, a kh¡riji or a gh¡li who is considered a k¡fir sends the hunting dog, the prey hunted by the dog will be unlawful for consumption.
4. The person should invoke the name of God when sending the dog. If he intentionally fails to invoke the name of God, the prey will be unlawful. However, if he forgets, there is no problem in it.
5. The prey should die on account of the wound it incurs from the teeth of the dog. Hence, if the dog suffocates the prey, or if the prey dies on account of running or being exhausted, it will not be lawful for consumption.
6. The person who has sent the dog should reach the prey after it has died, or if it is alive, there should not be sufficient time to slaughter it, given that he has not been negligent in the delay. Therefore, if he reaches the animal whilst there is adequate time to slaughter it, and he fails to do so, it will not be lawful for consumption.
2674. If the person who sent the dog reaches the prey whilst there is adequate time to slaughter it, however owing to the process of retrieving the knife or similar action which does not entail any negligence, time passes and the animal dies, it will be lawful for consumption. However, if he does not have a tool in his possession by which he can slaughter the animal, and the animal dies, it will not be lawful. However, if he unleashes the dog during this time so that it may kill the animal, it will be lawful for consumption.
2675. If a person unleashes multiple hunting dogs to hunt an animal, then if all of them possess the conditions elaborated in article 2673, the prey will be lawful for consumption. However, if even one of them is devoid of those conditions, the prey will be unlawful for consumption.
2676. If a person sends a dog to hunt a particular animal, and the dog hunts another animal, then the hunted prey will be §¡hir and lawful for consumption. Similarly, if the dog hunts that animal along with another animal, both of them will be §¡hir and lawful.
2677. If a number of people send the dog for hunting, and one of them is a k¡fir or is subject to the rules of a k¡fir, the prey will be unlawful for consumption. Similarly, if some of them intentionally fail to invoke the name of God, or if one of the dogs that has been unleashed has not been trained in the manner described in article 2673, the prey will be unlawful for consumption.
2678. If a hawk or any animal other than a hunting dog, hunts an animal, the prey will not be lawful for consumption. However, if they reach the animal whilst it is alive, and they slaughter it in a manner that has been prescribed by the shari’a, it will be lawful.