1126. It is recommended to recite qunÙt after qirÁÞah, preceding the rukÙ of the second rak‘ah of obligatory and recommended prayers. However, in the shaf’ prayer, the more precautionary measure is that one should recite it with the intention of rajÁÞ al-maÔlubiyyah (hoping that it is a desirable act). As for the witr prayer, although it is only one rak‘ah, it is nonetheless recommended to recite the qunÙt in it prior to the rukÙ.
There is one qunÙt in each rak‘ah of the Friday prayer. There are five qunÙt in the prayer for signs, whereas in the prayers for ‘Ðd al-fiÔr and ‘Ðd al-aÃÎÁ, there are five qunÙt in the first rak‘ah, and four qunÙt in the second. Obligatory precaution dictates that the qunÙt of the ‘Ðd al-fiÔr and ‘Ðd al-aÃÎÁ prayer should not be omitted.
1127. It is recommended to place the hands opposite the face, the palms of the hands facing the sky, holding them next to each other during qunÙt. It is also recommended to join all the fingers together except for the thumb, and to look at one’s hands during qunÙt.
1128. Whatever is recited of supplication, dhikr, or whispered prayer (munÁjÁt) is sufficient for qunÙt, even if it only be (سبحان الله). However, it is better to recite:
لا اِلهَ اِلاَّ اللّهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ ، لا اِلهَ اِلاَّ اللّهُ العَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ ، سُبْحانَ اللّهِ رَبِّ السَّمَواتِ السَّبْعِ وَ رَبِّ الاَْرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَ ما فِيْهِنَّ وَ ما بَيْنَهُنَّ وَ رَبِّ الْعَرشِ الْعَظِيْمِ وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ رَبِّ الْعالَمِينَ
La ilaaha ill'Allahul haleemul kareem. La ilaaha ill'Allahul 'aliyyul 'adheem. Subhaan'Allahi rabbis samawaatis sab'i wa rabbil aradheenas sab'i wa ma fee hinna wa ma baynahunna wa rabbil 'arshil 'adheemi wal hamdulillaahi rabbil 'aalameen.
1129. It is recommended for a person to recite qunÙt aloud. However, if he is offering his prayer in congregation, and the Imam is able to hear his recitation, it is makrÙh to recite it aloud.
1130. If a person deliberately omits the qunÙt, there shall be no qaÃÁ for it. However, if one forgets and realizes prior to bowing to the measure of rukÙ, it is recommended to return to an upright position and recite it. If he realizes during rukÙ, it is recommended for him to offer its qaÃÁ after it, and if he realizes during sujÙd, he should offer its qaÃÁ after the salÁm of prayer.