1. The child suckles the milk of a woman who is alive. If he suckles the milk from the breasts of a dead woman, it has no consequences.
2. The milk of the woman should be from a legitimate relationship and not due to an unlawful act. Hence if the milk caused by adultery is breastfed to another child, the latter will not become ma¦ram to anyone.
3. The child sucks the milk directly from the breasts of the woman. Hence, if the milk is poured into the child’s mouth, it will have no consequences.
4. The milk should be pure and should not be mixed with anything else.
5. The milk belongs to one husband only. Hence, if a nursing mother is divorced, and marries another man and gets pregnant and the milk belonging to the first husband still remains in her body until she delivers her baby, and for example, before giving birth she nurses the child eight times with the milk from the first husband, and she nurses the same child seven times with the milk from the second husband after giving birth, this child will not be ma¦ram to anyone.
6. The child does not vomit the milk. If he does, then obligatory precaution dictates that the persons who are to become ma¦ram to the child on account of suckling milk, should not marry him, nor should they look at him in a manner that ma¦rams are allowed to look at each other.
7. The child should suck milk for fifteen times, or for one day and one night (according to the next rule) to his fill, or he should suck so much milk that it can be said that the milk has made his bones stronger and caused flesh to grow in his body. If he nurses ten times, the recommended precaution is that those who become mahram to him due to suckling milk should not get married to him, and should not look at him as ma¦rams are allowed to look at each other.
8. The child has not completed two years in age. If he is nursed after he completes two years, he will not become mahram to anyone. In fact, if for example, before he turns two, he is nursed eight times and after he turns two, he is nursed seven more times, he will not become ma¦ram to anyone.
If, however, more than two years have passed since a woman gave birth and she still carries some milk, then if she nurses this milk to a child, this child becomes ma¦ram to those who were mentioned above.
He must also have sucked the milk of one woman for fifteen times, and should not have consumed milk from another woman between the fifteen sucklings. He should also consume the milk to his fill during each of the times, without any pauses. However, if he takes a breath whilst suckling, or pauses for a short period, such that common sense considers it as one suckling from the time he started to suckle to the time he is full, it will not be problematic.
1. Her own brothers and sisters
2. Her paternal and maternal aunts and uncles
3. The children of her paternal uncles and aunts
4. The children of her brothers
5. The brothers or sisters of her husband
6. The children of her sisters or the children of her husbands sisters
7. The paternal and maternal uncles and aunts of her husband
8. The grandchildren of her husband’s other wives.